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    SpaceX First Woman Space Tourist Mission To The ISS


    Summary: In this article we take a look at the accomplishments of the first Woman to Tour Space as well as the mission details and experiments she performed for the 10-day duration of her stay on the ISS (International Space Station). On the morning of the 18th September, 2006, the Soyuz TMA-9 successfully launched and exited the Earth’s atmosphere, making it’s way up to the target orbit of 200km above the Earth before docking with the International Space Station. Onboard the crew consisted of Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin, NASA astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria, and Anousheh Ansari, the first woman space tourist. Iranian-born American businesswoman, Ansari, emigrated from Iran to the U.S. in 1984 as a teenager, where she’d later attend George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, to earn a bachelor’s degree in electronics and computer engineering, and a master’s degree in electrical engineering from George Washington University. In 1993 she cofounded a Company, Telecom Technologies, Inc. with her husband, Hamid Ansari, and her brother-in-law. Ansari’s interest in space exploration was prevalent even before she started her training. In 2002 she made a multimillion-dollar contribution to a NGO (nonprofit organization), X Prize Foundation, that manages competitions to encourages innovative solutions and advances in technology to benefit humanity. The contribution was used by the NGO to launch the Ansari X Prize, a competition between privately owned companies to launch reusable crewed spacecraft into space twice within the time period of two weeks. In 2004 the Ansari X Prize was won by Scaled Composites, a aerospace development company based in Mojave, California. Ansari arranged to participate in a spaceflight program, and trained through the American space tourism company ‘Space Adventures’ to act as a backup for Daisuke Enomoto, a Japanese businessman and former livedoor executive. Unfortunately Enomoto was medically disqualified from flying the mission, elevating Ansari to prime crew, making her the fourth space tourist and the first woman space tourist. She was also the first Iranian, and first female Muslim in space. According to an article on wikipedia during an interview on Iranian national television for the astronomy show Night’s Sky a day before lift-off, she was asked what she hoped to accomplish on her mission. “I hope to inspire everyone - especially young people, women, and young girls all over the world, and in Middle-eastern countries that do not provide women with the same opportunities as men - to not give up their dreams and to pursue them… It may seem impossible to them at times. But I believe they can realize their dreams if they keep it in their hearts, nurture it, and look for opportunities and to make those opportunities happen,” was her answer. On September 18th, 2006, under commander Mikhail Tyurin, the Soyuz TMA-9 lifted off into space before docking with the ISS on September 20th, 2006, where Ansari would spend nine days performing a series of four experiments concerning human physiology for the ESA (European Space Agency). These experiments included the following: • A study on the mechanisms behind anemia • The influence changes in various muscle groups have on lower back pain. • What consequences may result from space radiation on ISS crew and various species of microbes. On September 29th, at 01:13 UTC, she landed back safely on the surface of the Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-8, 90 km north of Arkalyk at a place known as the steppes of Kazakhstan. Joining her back to Earth was U.S. astronaut Jeffrey Williams, and Russian cosmonaut Pavel Vinogradov. After landing they were transported via helicopter to Kustanai for the welcome ceremony. In 2010 Ansari participated as a speaker at the Honeywell Leadership Academy with Homer Hickam at United States Space Camp in Huntsville, Alabama. And on the 25th of April, 2013, she received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Utah Valley University. She has also received multiple Honors and Awards for entrepreneurial excellence, and Telecom Technologies, Inc. earned recognition as one of Inc. magazine’s 500 fastest-growing companies under her leadership. In 2015, Ansari was Awarded the Space pioneer Award by the National Space Society for her service and contribution to the Space Community. Till this day she continues to promote and inspire the next generation of astronauts, empowering especially young women in the middle-eastern countries to persue their dreams with what she told Iranian national television during her interviews. No matter what circumstances may hinder your dreams right now, there will always be a way to get back on the path to realizing your dreams if one can but be open-minded enough to see the opportunities.

     

     



    Monday, 01 March 2021 19:02

    Touring Space Mission One - Article1

    Touring Space Mission One  

     

     

    Summary: Dennis Tito, was the world’s first space tourist funding his own trip. He spent nearly

    8 days in space in mid-2001 as a crew member of the ISS EP-1. In this article we will be looking

    at the events that took place leading up to, and during the mission, and the future of space

    tourism.

    Space Flight

    Ever since the first spaceflight back in 1961 when Yuri Gagarin (first man in space) was launched into

    orbit on the Vostok 1, humans have been fantasizing with the idea of touring space. Within a few

    hours of the Russians sending the first human into orbit a whole new world of opportunity presented

    itself, but it won’t be until 2001 when the first space tourist, Dennis Tito, would become the first

    paying candidate for commercial spaceflight.

    According to wikipedia the project was arranged by MirCorp, and Tito was accepted by the Russian

    Federal Space Agency, but was met with criticism from the American National Space Agency (NASA)

    believing it to be inappropriate to allow tourism in space. “…We will not be able to begin training,

    because we are not willing to train with Dennis Tito,” was the statement given by Robert D. Cabana,

    NASA manager at the time, after sending Tito and two other cosmonauts home.

    Instead of giving up on his dream of touring space Tito made an arrangement with space tourism

    company ‘Space Adventures,’ an American space tourism company founded in 1998 by Eric C.

    Anderson, where he managed to get the training required for Tito’s first ever tour of space. Tito was

    then allowed to join the Soyuz TM-32 mission on April 28, 2001, becoming the first space tourist in

    history, before docking with the ISS (International Space Station).

    MirCorp was initially seeking potential candidates for space tourism to the Mir space station in order

    to offset some of its maintenance costs, but later the decision was made to de-orbit Mir, Tito was

    forced to change his destination to the ISS instead through a deal with Space Adventures.

    Tito reportedly paid $20 million USD for his trip and spent 7 days, 22 hours, and 4 minutes in space

    orbiting around the Earth 128 times in the ISS, and doing several experiments, before undocking, and

    re-entering into the Earth’s atmosphere.

    Dennis Tito was the first paying space tourist, but he wouldn’t be the last. A year after Tito’s trip he

    was followed by South African Mark Shuttleworth in the Soyuz TM-34 spacecraft, and then in

    October 2005, by Gregory Olsen in the Soyuz TMA-7.

    The Soyuz Missions

    The Soyuz spacecrafts was manufactured by Russian ballistic missile, spacecraft and space station

    components producing company, Korolev, also known as RSC Energia, and would regularly ferry

    cosmonauts to Mir and ISS before the Mir got de-orbitted.

    The Soyuz TM-32 was the space craft charged with taking the first paying space tourist, Dennis Tito,

    along with a Russian, Yuri Baturin, and a Kazakh, Talgat Musabayev (the launching Commander on

    this mission), to space on April 28th, 2001.

    Two days after the launch the Soyuz TM-32 docked at the ISS (International Space Station) where it

    would remain until October 31st of that year, serving as a lifeboat for Expedition 2, and later the crew

    of Expedition 3.

    A lifeboat in the sense that if something were to happen on the ISS to trigger emergency evacuation

    procedures, like a sudden decompression, or a fire that may be the result of various events, the people

    onboard can use the Soyuz TM-32 space craft to escape from danger, and to get home safely.

    After the disaster of Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrating upon re-entry into the Earth’s Atmosphere,

    killing all seven astronauts aboard, the Soyuz program was temporarily put on hold because Soyuz

    vehicles became the only available transport to the ISS until the return of the space shuttles in 2005.

    Space tourism resumed in 2006 when an Iranian American businesswoman named Anousheh Ansari

    became the fourth space tourist on the Soyuz TMA-10.

    Since the Space Shuttle was retired in 2011, the Soyuz was once again forced to stop the space

    tourism project. However, on June 7th, 2019, NASA announced plans to open the ISS to be met with

    tourism once again.

                                           

    SpaceX announces first “All civilian” space mission

    Feb 1, 2021

    Elon Musk gave major news when he announced now for the first time ever, they're going to send four civilians into an orbit around the earth. None of the civilians will have any prior astronaut experience. They will fly on a crew dragon capsule into orbit around the earth later in 2021. It will be launched from the Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The length of the journey is said to be between 2-4 days.

    “When you’ve got a brand new mode of transportation, you have to have pioneers,” SpaceX founder and CEO Elon Musk told NBC news. He also announced that tech billionaire Jared Isaacman, founder and CEO of Shift4 Payments, owns and flies one of the vintage Migfighter jets and has around 600 flight hours under his belt, will be leading the mission, occupying the first seat. Isaacman has purchased three additional seats aboard the mission. He has given St. Jude two seats on the mission. The first seat will be reserved for a St. Jude ambassador with direct ties to the mission, while the other went to a former St. Jude patient, now working as a frontline health care worker. The fourth and last seat will be awarded from a competition of people who donate to a fundraiser for St. Jude. Anyone from the public can apply.

    The mission is known as ‘Inspiration4’ in recognition of the “four-person crew’s mission” seeks to raise money to support St. Jude’s children’s research hospital with a turnover of up to a staggering 200 million dollars and Jared Isaacman would be putting in the first 100 million dollars from his own money. One hell of a kick start!

    It's not clear exactly how long the trip will be or where in orbit it will fly. Musk told Isaacman on Monday, "Wherever you want to go, we'll take you there."(1) Upon being asked the question of whether Jared Isaacman can take control of the craft, Elon Musk jokingly said that he can take it wherever he wanted but clarified that the craft will be remote-controlled from within the spaceX headquarters. The crew will undergo training led by SpaceX including prep for launch a top a Falcon 9 rocket prior to the mission. They will be made aware of how to react in or to control an emergency situation. They will be made to understand the mechanics of the mission and the aircraft itself. The crew member who will be selected must be “physically and psychologically fit for training,” as per the rules. They must be under 6 feet and 6 inches tall and weigh less than 250 pounds. They will undergo SpaceX simulations but considering that they have no prior experience, it will be a great feat for the human race and a welcoming invite to the local public.

    “Inspiration4 is the realization of a lifelong dream and a step towards a future in which anyone can venture out and explore the stars. I appreciate the tremendous responsibility that comes with commanding this mission and I want to use this historic moment to inspire humanity while helping to tackle childhood cancer here on Earth,” Isaacman said. This multi-day journey will be orbiting the Earth every 90 minutes along a customized flight path. Upon conclusion of the mission, Dragon will reenter Earth’s atmosphere for a soft water landing off the coast of Florida as told by SpaceX. If the mission gets delayed past 2022, crew members will each get an “alternate prize” of $150,000, Kathy Lueders, who led the crew program and is currently NASA’s human spaceflight chief, tweeted after the Inspiration4 reveal on Monday. She was “excited to see one of your original goals Crew come to be with the expansion of new commercial activities beyond our own in low-Earth orbit.”

    Musk said that NASA has been briefed on the Inspiration4 mission and they are supportive. With this mission, Elon Musk hopes to open space travel and a once in a lifetime experience to the general public. With time, he intends to make the stars accessible to people of all statuses.

     

    References:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-iHhFjYXE2g (Official Interview with CNN)

    https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/science/spacex-announces-its-first-all-civilian-mission-to-space/article33724567.ece (Snippets)

    https://edition.cnn.com/2021/02/01/tech/spacex-civilian-space-launch-st-judes/index.html (1)

    Sunday, 28 March 2021 16:47

    SpaceX Crew-2 Mission

     

    SpaceX Crew-2 Mission

    Mar 28, 2021

    SpaceX Crew 2 Mission

     

    In this article we will be exploring mission details into the SpaceX Crew-2 mission set to launch on the 22nd of April this year on the Crew Dragon C206 Endeavour Spacecraft. On the 22nd of April this year the Crew Dragon C206 Endeavour is set to launch on a mission to deliver the second wave of astronauts flying on a SpaceX spacecraft to the ISS (International Space Station). The prime crew consists of Spacecraft commander Shane Kimbrough, pilot Katherine Megan McArthur, mission specialist Akihiko Hoshide, and mission specialist Thomas Pesquet. Akihiko Hoshide, Japanese engineer and JAXA astronaut will serve as the second Japanese ISS commander during his stay. A veteran astronaut, he became the third Japanese astronaut in history to walk in space. According to wikipedia, Hoshide’s first mission was on board Space Shuttle Discovery as a Mission Specialist to deliver the Japanese Experiment Module “Kibo” to the ISS. Robert Shane Kimbrough is to be the commander on this flight. Born June 4th, 1967, he is a retired United States Army officer, and an excellent NASA astronaut. During the Expedition-50 mission to the ISS he was commander of the International Space Station for a duration of his six months stay, and returned to Earth in April of 2017. K. Megan McArthur, an American oceanographer, engineer, and NASA astronaut that served as Capsule Communicator for the space shuttle and space station, is the pilot in command of the Crew Dragon C206 for this mission. Her astronaut career started in July of 2000 when NASA selected her to be a mission specialist, after which she reported for training in August of 2000. Thomas Gautier Pesquet, a French aerospace engineer, and European Space Agency astronaut, is the second mission specialist to join on the Endeavour flight to the ISS. He successfully completed his training in November, 2010, after having been selected by the ESA (European Space Agency) as a candidate in May of 2009. Pesquet was part of Expedition 50 and Expedition 51 as flight engineer. The planned launch time is 10:11 UTC on April 22, 2021, and would be a spectacular sight seeing the Falcon 9 Block 5 rockets take the Endeavour up and out of the Earth’s atmosphere into orbit to meet with the Harmony module of the International Space Station.Falcon 9 Block 5 is a partially reusable two stage launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX and is powered by the Merlin engines which uses liquid ogygen and rocket grade Kerosene as it’s propellant. It’s the fifth version of the Falcon 9 Full thrust, and produces more thrust than any before it. Other improvements SpaceX has made greatly improves the reusability of the rocket, contributing to the overall decrease in the costs of space flight. Harmony, also known as Node 2, connects the laboratory modules of the United States, Japan, and Europe, and has four sleeping cabins available for crew on board. The ‘utility hub’ for the ISS was launched into space aboard the space shuttle flight STS-120, before the end of the space shuttle program. After temporarily being attached to the Unity module, Harmony was moved to its new location, connected to the Destiny module, where it will serve as the host for the Endeavourspacecraft, asit includes the International Docking Adapter through which the Dragon C206 can safely dock. Not only will this mission deliver astronauts to the ISS, but the Crew Dragon vehicle will also be used to transport 440 lbs (200 kilograms) of pressurized cargo to the space station, in order to support the ongoing scientific and technological advancements on the orbiting lab according to space station manager Joel Montalbano. "Last year, we celebrated 20 years of continuous human presence onboard the International Space Station," Montalbano said during the briefing. In preparing for Crew-2’s arrival, crew-1 that consists of the four astronauts first sent to the ISS on a spacecraft manufactured by SpaceX, and who are still onboard the ISS, will have to relocate their Crew Dragon Capsule to a different port attached to the space station in order to allow their fellow astronauts to dock on the Harmony Module as planned. Mission teams on the ground are all being prepared, and drilled, just in case things don’t go as planned, that the crew of Endeavour can safely get back on the ground in the case of any unexpected emergency. Recovery ships from SpaceX will be stationed off the coast of Florida on the Atlantic side. Both NASA and SpaceX teams are taking this upcoming launch very seriously, and are all working very hard to make this a successful launch.

    References:

    https://www.space.com/spacex-crew-2-astronauts-launching-april-2020

    https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-spacex-invite-media-to-next-commercial-crew-launch

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SpaceX_Crew-2

     

                                           

    SpaceX announces first “All civilian” space mission

    Feb 1, 2021

    Elon Musk gave major news when he announced now for the first time ever, they're going to send four civilians into an orbit around the earth. None of the civilians will have any prior astronaut experience. They will fly on a crew dragon capsule into orbit around the earth later in 2021. It will be launched from the Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The length of the journey is said to be between 2-4 days.

    “When you’ve got a brand new mode of transportation, you have to have pioneers,” SpaceX founder and CEO Elon Musk told NBC news. He also announced that tech billionaire Jared Isaacman, founder and CEO of Shift4 Payments, owns and flies one of the vintage Migfighter jets and has around 600 flight hours under his belt, will be leading the mission, occupying the first seat. Isaacman has purchased three additional seats aboard the mission. He has given St. Jude two seats on the mission. The first seat will be reserved for a St. Jude ambassador with direct ties to the mission, while the other went to a former St. Jude patient, now working as a frontline health care worker. The fourth and last seat will be awarded from a competition of people who donate to a fundraiser for St. Jude. Anyone from the public can apply.

    The mission is known as ‘Inspiration4’ in recognition of the “four-person crew’s mission” seeks to raise money to support St. Jude’s children’s research hospital with a turnover of up to a staggering 200 million dollars and Jared Isaacman would be putting in the first 100 million dollars from his own money. One hell of a kick start!

    It's not clear exactly how long the trip will be or where in orbit it will fly. Musk told Isaacman on Monday, "Wherever you want to go, we'll take you there."(1) Upon being asked the question of whether Jared Isaacman can take control of the craft, Elon Musk jokingly said that he can take it wherever he wanted but clarified that the craft will be remote-controlled from within the spaceX headquarters. The crew will undergo training led by SpaceX including prep for launch a top a Falcon 9 rocket prior to the mission. They will be made aware of how to react in or to control an emergency situation. They will be made to understand the mechanics of the mission and the aircraft itself. The crew member who will be selected must be “physically and psychologically fit for training,” as per the rules. They must be under 6 feet and 6 inches tall and weigh less than 250 pounds. They will undergo SpaceX simulations but considering that they have no prior experience, it will be a great feat for the human race and a welcoming invite to the local public.

    “Inspiration4 is the realization of a lifelong dream and a step towards a future in which anyone can venture out and explore the stars. I appreciate the tremendous responsibility that comes with commanding this mission and I want to use this historic moment to inspire humanity while helping to tackle childhood cancer here on Earth,” Isaacman said. This multi-day journey will be orbiting the Earth every 90 minutes along a customized flight path. Upon conclusion of the mission, Dragon will reenter Earth’s atmosphere for a soft water landing off the coast of Florida as told by SpaceX. If the mission gets delayed past 2022, crew members will each get an “alternate prize” of $150,000, Kathy Lueders, who led the crew program and is currently NASA’s human spaceflight chief, tweeted after the Inspiration4 reveal on Monday. She was “excited to see one of your original goals Crew come to be with the expansion of new commercial activities beyond our own in low-Earth orbit.”

    Musk said that NASA has been briefed on the Inspiration4 mission and they are supportive. With this mission, Elon Musk hopes to open space travel and a once in a lifetime experience to the general public. With time, he intends to make the stars accessible to people of all statuses.

     

    References:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-iHhFjYXE2g (Official Interview with CNN)

    https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/science/spacex-announces-its-first-all-civilian-mission-to-space/article33724567.ece (Snippets)

    https://edition.cnn.com/2021/02/01/tech/spacex-civilian-space-launch-st-judes/index.html (1)

    Sunday, 28 March 2021 16:47

    SpaceX Crew-2 Mission

     

    SpaceX Crew-2 Mission

    Mar 28, 2021

    SpaceX Crew 2 Mission

     

    In this article we will be exploring mission details into the SpaceX Crew-2 mission set to launch on the 22nd of April this year on the Crew Dragon C206 Endeavour Spacecraft. On the 22nd of April this year the Crew Dragon C206 Endeavour is set to launch on a mission to deliver the second wave of astronauts flying on a SpaceX spacecraft to the ISS (International Space Station). The prime crew consists of Spacecraft commander Shane Kimbrough, pilot Katherine Megan McArthur, mission specialist Akihiko Hoshide, and mission specialist Thomas Pesquet. Akihiko Hoshide, Japanese engineer and JAXA astronaut will serve as the second Japanese ISS commander during his stay. A veteran astronaut, he became the third Japanese astronaut in history to walk in space. According to wikipedia, Hoshide’s first mission was on board Space Shuttle Discovery as a Mission Specialist to deliver the Japanese Experiment Module “Kibo” to the ISS. Robert Shane Kimbrough is to be the commander on this flight. Born June 4th, 1967, he is a retired United States Army officer, and an excellent NASA astronaut. During the Expedition-50 mission to the ISS he was commander of the International Space Station for a duration of his six months stay, and returned to Earth in April of 2017. K. Megan McArthur, an American oceanographer, engineer, and NASA astronaut that served as Capsule Communicator for the space shuttle and space station, is the pilot in command of the Crew Dragon C206 for this mission. Her astronaut career started in July of 2000 when NASA selected her to be a mission specialist, after which she reported for training in August of 2000. Thomas Gautier Pesquet, a French aerospace engineer, and European Space Agency astronaut, is the second mission specialist to join on the Endeavour flight to the ISS. He successfully completed his training in November, 2010, after having been selected by the ESA (European Space Agency) as a candidate in May of 2009. Pesquet was part of Expedition 50 and Expedition 51 as flight engineer. The planned launch time is 10:11 UTC on April 22, 2021, and would be a spectacular sight seeing the Falcon 9 Block 5 rockets take the Endeavour up and out of the Earth’s atmosphere into orbit to meet with the Harmony module of the International Space Station.Falcon 9 Block 5 is a partially reusable two stage launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX and is powered by the Merlin engines which uses liquid ogygen and rocket grade Kerosene as it’s propellant. It’s the fifth version of the Falcon 9 Full thrust, and produces more thrust than any before it. Other improvements SpaceX has made greatly improves the reusability of the rocket, contributing to the overall decrease in the costs of space flight. Harmony, also known as Node 2, connects the laboratory modules of the United States, Japan, and Europe, and has four sleeping cabins available for crew on board. The ‘utility hub’ for the ISS was launched into space aboard the space shuttle flight STS-120, before the end of the space shuttle program. After temporarily being attached to the Unity module, Harmony was moved to its new location, connected to the Destiny module, where it will serve as the host for the Endeavourspacecraft, asit includes the International Docking Adapter through which the Dragon C206 can safely dock. Not only will this mission deliver astronauts to the ISS, but the Crew Dragon vehicle will also be used to transport 440 lbs (200 kilograms) of pressurized cargo to the space station, in order to support the ongoing scientific and technological advancements on the orbiting lab according to space station manager Joel Montalbano. "Last year, we celebrated 20 years of continuous human presence onboard the International Space Station," Montalbano said during the briefing. In preparing for Crew-2’s arrival, crew-1 that consists of the four astronauts first sent to the ISS on a spacecraft manufactured by SpaceX, and who are still onboard the ISS, will have to relocate their Crew Dragon Capsule to a different port attached to the space station in order to allow their fellow astronauts to dock on the Harmony Module as planned. Mission teams on the ground are all being prepared, and drilled, just in case things don’t go as planned, that the crew of Endeavour can safely get back on the ground in the case of any unexpected emergency. Recovery ships from SpaceX will be stationed off the coast of Florida on the Atlantic side. Both NASA and SpaceX teams are taking this upcoming launch very seriously, and are all working very hard to make this a successful launch.

    References:

    https://www.space.com/spacex-crew-2-astronauts-launching-april-2020

    https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-spacex-invite-media-to-next-commercial-crew-launch

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SpaceX_Crew-2

     

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